A Study of Small and Medium - Scale Enterprises (SMES) Owners’ Resources Mobilisation and Innovative Culture in South-West, Nigeria

  • Abolaji Olugbenga Bukki Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Yekinni Abiodun Oguntimehin Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • 'Muyiwa Adeyemi Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
Keywords: Resources, Mobilization, SMEs, Innovation and Innovative Culture


This study examined resource mobilisation and innovative culture of small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs) owners in South-West, Nigeria. Five research questions were raised. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The sample comprised one thousand, four hundred and seventeen (1417) SME owners / managers out of which one thousand, three hundred and eighty-two (1382) responded appropriately, this showed 97% response rate. Data were collected using two instruments; these are Resource Mobilisation Questionnaire (r = 0.85) and Innovative Culture Scale (r = 0.68). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Independent t test.The results showed that SME owners possessed high level of resource mobilisation and innovative culturein South-West, Nigeria. Significant relationship existed between resource mobilisation and innovative culture of SME Owners’ in South-West, Nigeria. Furthermore, there was significant difference in the score on resource mobilisation of SME Owners while no significant difference existed in the score on innovative culture of SME Owners in South-West, Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that Government agencies should create strategies to improve resource mobilisation. This, in turn, will upgrade and enhance innovation among SMEs.

Author Biographies

Abolaji Olugbenga Bukki, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
 Department of Educational Management and Business Studies and Lecturer II
Yekinni Abiodun Oguntimehin, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria

Department of Educational Management and Business Studies and Associate Professor

'Muyiwa Adeyemi, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria

Department of Educational Management and Business Studies and Associate Professor


Abdi, A. M. & Ali, A. Y. S. (2013). Innovation and business performance in telecommunication industry in Sub-Sahara African context: Case of Somalia. Asian Journal of Management Sciences and Education, 2(4), 53-67.
Ahmed P. K. (1998). Culture and climate for innovation. European Journal of Innovation Management, 1(1), 30-37.
Ameyaw, B., Korang, J. A., Twum, E. T. & Asante, I. O (2016).Tax policy, SMES compliance, perception and growth relationship in Ghana: An empirical analysis. British Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 11(2): 1-11, 2016, retrieved from www.sciencedomain.org on 1st Dec.,2017
Bukki, A. O. (2018). Resource Mobilisation, Networking capabilities and Entrepreneurial initiatives as drives of innovative culture of SMEs owners in South-West, Nigeria (Doctoral Thesis) Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria.
Casals, F. E. (2011). The SME Co-operation Framework: a Multi-method Secondary Research Approach to SME Collaboration. 2010 International Conference on E-business, Management and Economics IPEDR vol.3. IACSITPress, Hong Kong.
Ceyda U.,& Vahap, T. (2017). Designing open innovation based product development process for SMEs using mobile technologies, EBEEC Conference Proceedings, The Economies of Balkan and Eastern Europe Countries in the Changed World, KnE Social Sciences, (pp 307-318).
Dmitry M. & Polina K. (2012). Power of innovative culture within organizations. (Master's Thesis). Linnaeus University, Kalmar.
East African Community (2014). Draft EAC Resources MobilisationManual. East Africa.
Gray, J. H., Densten, I. L. & Sarros, J. C. (2003). Size matters: Organisational culture in small, medium-scale , and large Australian organisations. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 17(1), Canadian Council for Small Business and Entrepreneurship ISSN: 0827-6331 Retrieved September 4, 2017, from http://www.freepatentonline.com
Gundling, E. (2000). The 3M way to innovation, Tokyo, Kodansha International.
Hemert, P. V. (2012). The influence of innovation sources and networks on the performance of Dutch SMEs. Netherlands. Print Partners Ipskamp, Business and Science Park.
International Development Research Centre (2013).Module for resource mobilization and management for research. Retrieved September 5, 2017, from http://www.idrc.ca.
Kipchumba, S. K., Zhimin, L. & Chelagat, R. (2013). A Study on the Sources of Resources and Capacity Building in Resource Mobilization: Case of Private Chartered Universities in Nakuru Town, Kenya. Journal of International Education and Leadership, 3(2), 1-18. Retrieved on 17 June, 2018 from http://www.jielusa.org.
Laegreid, P. Roness, P. G., & Verhoest, K. (2009). Explaining innovative culture and behaviour of state agencies. Paper presented at the EGPA Study Group on Governance of Public Sector Organizations, EGPA Annual Conference, Malta 2-5 September 2009.
Lakiza, V. (2018). Relationships Between Performance Measurement Systems, Intrapreneurial Culture and Innovation Capabilities: A Longitudinal Field Case Study (Masters thesis, École Polytechnique de Montréal). Retrieved from https://publications.polymtl.ca/3040/
Linn B. & Isabelle L. (2014). Culture as a Driver of Innovation Performance. A case study at the ASSA ABLOY Group(Master'sthesis).Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden.
Maladzhi, W. R., Yan, B. & Makinde, O. D. (2012). The impact of innovative leadership on organisational culture within South African small and medium-scale enterprises in the Western Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Business Management, 6(39), 10438-10444, Retrieved September 5, 2017, from http://www.academicjournals.org/AJBM.
Mbizi, R., Hove, L., Thondhlana, A. & Kakava, N. (2013). Innovation in SMEs: A review of its role to organisational performance and SMEs operations sustainability. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(11), 370-389.
National Bureau of Statistics (2013). SMEDAN and National Bureau of Statistics Collaborative Survey: Selected Findings.
Nordman, E. R & Tolstoy, D. (2016).The impact of opportunity connectedness on innovation in SMEs' foreign-market relationships. Technovation,57-58,47-57.
Nowacki, R., & Staniewski, M. (2012). Innovation in the management of SMEs in the service sector in Poland. Amfiteatru Economic, 14, 755-773.
O'Cass, A. & Sok, P. (2014). The role of intellectual resources, product innovation capability, reputational resources and marketing capability combinations in firm growth. International Small Business Journal, 32(8) 996 -1018. 
Obiri J., Iwara N., Kalu, J. C., Ezebor, O. & Alabi, I. (2018). Creativity and Innovation Culture: A Prerequisite for Sustaining Competitive Advantage in SMES. Covenant Journal of Entrepreneurship (CJoE) 2(1), 50-59.
OECD (2012). Gazelle rate, in entrepreneurship at a glance 2012, Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Omodafe, U. P. & Nwaizugbo, I. C. (2017). Innovative marketing and Performance of selected SMEs in Delta State Nigeria. International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, 5(3), 1-18.
Patterson,F., Kerrin, M. & Gatto-Roissard, G. (2012). Characteristics and behaviours of innovative people in organisations. Retrieved September 5, 2017, from http://www.nesta.org.uk/library/documents/characteristics-inno-orgs-interim-report.pdf.
Rajput, A. A. & Kalhoro, S. H. (2014). The impact of macro factors entrepreneur, innovation and opportunity on entrepreneurial success of SMEs. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 20 (2), 149-161.
Rao, J., & Weintraub, J. 2013. How Innovative Is Your Company's Culture? MIT Sloan Management Review, 54(3): 9.
Reboud, S., Mazzarol, T. & Soutar, G. (2014). Low-tech vs high-tech entrepreneurship: A study in France and Australia. Journal of Innovation Economics & Management,2 (14), 121-141. 
Staniewski, M. W., Nowacki, R. & Awruk, K. (2016).Entrepreneurship and innovativeness of small and medium-scale construction enterprises.International Entrepreneurship Managment Journal, 12 (3), 861-877. Retrieved September 5, 2017, from 
Terziovski, M. (2003). The relationship between networking practices and business excellence: A study of small to medium-scale enterprises (SMEs), Measuring Business Excellence, 7(2), 78-92.
Watjatrakul, B. (2005). Determinants of IS sourcing decisions: A comparative study of transaction cost theory versus resource-based view. Journal of Strategic information systems, 14, 389-415.
Zaccaro SJ, Klimoski RJ (2001). The nature of organisational leadership: An introduction. In S. J. Zaccaro & R. J. Klimoski (Eds.), The nature of organisational Leadership (pp. 3-41). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Total number of hits on abstract = 988 times

Downloads for 2024

Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Bukki, A., Oguntimehin, Y., & Adeyemi, ’Muyiwa. (2019, June 28). A Study of Small and Medium - Scale Enterprises (SMES) Owners’ Resources Mobilisation and Innovative Culture in South-West, Nigeria. ANNUAL JOURNAL OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF VARNA, BULGARIA, 3(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.29114/ajtuv.vol3.iss1.109
Bookmark and Share