Good Practices of the European Union Countries Regarding the Integration of Refugees and Migrants

  • Desislava Mladenova Argirova Technical University of Varna
Keywords: refugees, migrants, integration, European Union


The countries of the European Union, which are final destinations or transit for refugees and migrants, face many social, humanitarian and financial challenges. They are expected to invest efforts and resources to enable migrant communities and the host society to activate their abilities, qualities and skills to build social cohesion and well-being between them. Local administrations provide many services that directly affect the integration of migrants and there-fore have a greater capacity to support the process of social cohesion, as opposed to governance at national level, which in many cases hinders local government initiatives to address social and economic problems arising from immigration. Integration is an extremely individual process and individual needs must be taken into account by the various institutions involved in this activity. Refugee integration is one of the indicators of democratic society, an indicator of the development and promotion of human rights and freedoms. It is a continuous and dynamic process that requires efforts and readiness on the part of refugees to adapt to their host society without having to give up their cultural identity, and therefore - readiness and understanding on the part of the host community and public institutions to perceive refugees as equal persons of themselves. Integration is a long-term two-way process of mutual adjustment of incoming immigrants and citizens of the host country.


Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva Convention). adopted on 28 July 1951 and promulgated in the State Gazette, no. 88 of 15 October 1993 Retrieved from:

Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted on 31 January 1967, in force for Bulgaria since 12 May 1993. Retrieved from:

Law on Asylum and Refugees, in force since 01.12.2002, amended. and ext. S.G.. issue 89 of October 16, 2020.

Law on Preschool and School Education, Promulgated, SG, iss. 79 from 13.10.2015, in force from 18.07.2017

The Ordinance on the terms and conditions for concluding, implementing and terminating an agreement for integration of foreigners with granted asylum or international protection, SG, issue 65 of 19.08.2016, in force since 19.08.2016, Retrieved from:  

Ordinance № 3 of 06.04.2017 on the terms and conditions for admission and training of persons seeking or receiving international protection Prom. - SG, no. 32 from 21.04.2017, in force from 21.04.2017

Ordinance № 11 of 01.09.2016 for evaluation of the results of the students' education Prom. - SG, no. 74 of 20.09.2016, in force since 20.09.2016; ed. and add., no. 78 from 29.09.2017

Bulgarian Red Cross. (2017). Handbook for Integration of Asylum Seekers or International Protection in Municipalities.

Bulgarian Council for Refugees and Migrants. Good Practices for Integration of Refugees from Municipalities in Europe. Retrieved from:

Eftimova, D., Lazarova, I., & Lazarov, Y. (2014). Social integration of refugees - good practices and local policies in five European capitals. Institute for Public Environment Development

Popov, S., Filipova, P., & Gabova, S. (2018) Comparative City Audit Report. ISBN 978-619-91126-7-0

Sakab, A. (2017). Is there a desire, is there a way. Private sector involvement in the employment of beneficiaries of international protection, UNHCR Bulgaria. Retrieved from:

Petrov, Т. (1993). Introduction to political science (Vavedenie v politologiata). Varna. ISBN – 954-799-260-0

Petrov, Т. (2019). Using the Delphi method to analyze the economic efficiency of social services (Izpolzvane na metoda Delfi za analiz na ikonomicheskata efektivnost na socialnite uslugi), Proceedings Third Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation, Social Work, Management and Social Development: Contemporary Challenges, Perspectives and Innovative Practices. Тechnical University of Varna, 10-11.10.2019. Varna, ISBN 978-954-20-0803-3

Official website of the Office for Immigration and Integration of the Ministry of the Interior of the French Republic. Republican Treaty of Integration. Retrieved from:

Official website of the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons.

Page of the Italian Ministry of the Interior, Information on the integration agreement,

European web site on integration. Migrant Integration Information and good practices, Portugal: Remarkable growth of foreign citizens living in the country. Retrieved from:

Integration Facilitators program for disadvantaged neighborhoods in Berlin. Retrieved from:

Programma integra.

European Union.  The situation of migrants and refugees in Europe. European Youth Portal Retrieved from:

Total number of hits on abstract = 217 times

Downloads for 2023

Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Argirova, D. (2021, June 10). Good Practices of the European Union Countries Regarding the Integration of Refugees and Migrants. ANNUAL JOURNAL OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF VARNA, BULGARIA, 5(1), 42-55.
Bookmark and Share