System for studying the parameters of gas solenoid valves

  • Stoyan Nedelchev Stoyanov Technical University of Varna, Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”, 9010, 1 Studentska Street, Varna, Bulgaria
  • Veselin Mihaylov Technical University of Varna, Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”, 9010, 1 Studentska Street, Varna, Bulgaria http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7381-4414
  • Zdravko Ivanov Technical University of Varna, Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”, 9010, 1 Studentska Street, Varna, Bulgaria http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6041-3569
  • Radostin Radev Technical University of Varna, Department of Automation, 9010, 1 Studentska Street, Varna, Bulgaria
Keywords: Test stand, LPG injectors, gas fuel, real working conditions

Abstract

The aim of the present work is to construct a test stand for determining the characteristics of different fourth generation gas injectors working under various conditions as close as possible to the actual operating ones. For this purpose, the standard fourth generation gas system and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a working fluid were used for the stand. A system has been developed to maintain the gas leakage pressure equal in value to the pressure in the intake manifold of a Spark Ignition (SI) engine. Used LPG is compressed and liquefied for reuse. Additionally, safety measures are taken. The stand provides the right conditions for determining the influence of the nozzle diameter, the length of the connecting pipe between the injector and the intake manifold, the differential pressure upstream and downstream of the injector and other factors that affect these characteristics, which may be different when installing LPG system to an internal combustion engine.

Author Biographies

Stoyan Nedelchev Stoyanov, Technical University of Varna, Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”, 9010, 1 Studentska Street, Varna, Bulgaria

Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”

Veselin Mihaylov, Technical University of Varna, Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”, 9010, 1 Studentska Street, Varna, Bulgaria

Department “Transport Engineering and Technologies”

References

Andrych-Zalewska, M. (2020). Simulation tests of selected gas flow parameters through combustion engine valves. Combustion Engines, 183(4), 21-28. 
Crossref
 
Bogdanov, K., & Hristov, R. (2021). Comparative analysis of the working process of diesel internal combustion engine operating with added CNG and LPG. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2439, 020006 (2021). 
Crossref
 
Ivanov, Z., Stoyanov, S., Mihaylov, V., & Santos, H. (2019). Flow characteristics of gas injectors. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 664, 012021. 
Crossref
 
Ivanov, Z., Mihaylov, V., & Mersinkov, H. (2014). Optical method for measurement needle lift of electromagnetic valves for LPG/CNG injection, Proc. of Int. Sci. Conf. EKO Varna -2016, 21, 415-422, ISSN 2367-6299, (in Bulgarian) 
Google Scholar

Kostadinov, D., & Bogdanov, K., (2016). Methods of providing gaseous fuel in diesel engines. Proc. of University of Ruse -2016, 55(4), 106-109. (in Bulgarian)
 
Mihaylov, V., Ivanov, Z., Mersinkov, H., Stoyanov, S., & Wrobel, R. (2021). Influence of the control signal on parameters of low impedance injectors for SI engines. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 1031, 012018. 
Crossref
 
Morganti, K., Foong, T., Brear, M., Silva, G., Yang, Y., & Dryer, F. (2013). The research and motor octane numbers of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). Fuel, 108, 797-811. 
Crossref
 
Nemoianu, L., Pana, K., Negurescu, N., Cernat, A., Fuiorescu, D., & Nutu, C., (2017). Study of the cycle variability at an automotive diesel engine fuelled with LPG. MATEC Web Conf., 112 (2017) 10006, 
Crossref
 
Nugroho, A., Sinaga, N., & Haryanto, I., (2014). Performance of a compression ignition engine four strokes four cylinders on dual fuel (diesel-LPG). AIP Conference Proceedings, 2014, 020166 (2018) 
Crossref
 
Paczuski, M., Marchwiany, M., Puławski, R., Pankowski, A., Kurpiel, K., & Przedlacki, M. (2016). Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines. Alternative Fuels, Technical and Environmental Conditions, Krzysztof Biernat, IntechOpen. 
Crossref
 
Pradeep, J., & Porpatham, E. (2016). LPG gaseous phase electronic port injection on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of Lean Burn SI Engine. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 40, 012069. 
Crossref
 
Qi D., Chen, B., & Zhang, D. (2016). Combustion and Exhaust Emissions Characteristics of a Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine Operated with Diesel Fuel and Liquefied Petroleum Gas. Journal of Energy Engineering, 142(4). 
Crossref
 
Raslavičius, L., Keršys, A., Mockus, S., Keršienė, N., & Starevičius, M. (2014). Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a medium-term option in the transition to sustainable fuels and transport. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32, 513-525. 
Crossref
 
Shrivastava, A., & Dahake, M. (2016). Performance Analysis of Automobile Air Conditioning System using Propane (R290). International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3(07), 1344-1347
Google Scholar

Sulaiman, M., Ayob, M.,& Meran, I., (2013). Performance of Single Cylinder Spark Ignition Engine Fueled by LPG. Procedia Engineering, 53, 579-585. 
Crossref
 
Sunwoo, M., Sim, H., & Lee, K. (1999). Design and development of an ECU and its air-fuel ratio control scheme for an LPG engine with a Bypass injector. Proceedings of the IEEE International Vehicle Electronics Conference (IVEC'99), 508 - 513. 
Crossref
 
Szpica, D. (2018). The determination of the flow characteristics of a low-pressure vapor-phase injector with a dynamic method. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 62, 44-55. 
Crossref
 
Szpica, D. (2020a). Determination of low pressure gas injector valve flow factor. Eng. Rural Dev., 2020, 721-729. 
Crossref
 
Szpica, D., Borawski A., Mieczkowski G. (2020b). Numerical determination of low pressure gas injector flow characteristics depending on outlet nozzle diameter. Eng. Rural Dev., 2020, 730-738. 
Crossref

UNEP, & WLPGA. (1998). LP Gas Safety: Guidelines for Good Safety Practice in the LP Gas Industry. UNEP/Earthprint. ISBN: 92-807-1711-1


Total number of hits on abstract = 200 times

Downloads for 2022

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
Stoyanov, S., Mihaylov, V., Ivanov, Z., & Radev, R. (2021, December 30). System for studying the parameters of gas solenoid valves. ANNUAL JOURNAL OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF VARNA, BULGARIA, 5(2), 112-121. https://doi.org/10.29114/ajtuv.vol5.iss2.259
Section
TRANSPORT, NAVIGATION AND AVIATION
Bookmark and Share